Cleopatra VII Philopator

Cleopatra VII Philopator (August 12, 30 BC) was the last person
to rule Ancient Egypt as an Egyptian pharaoh.

She was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, and therefore a
descendant of one of Alexander the Great's generals who had
seized control over Egypt after Alexander's death.

Most Ptolemeis spoke Greek and refused to learn Egyptian,
which is the reason that Greek as well as Egyptian languages
were used on official court documents like the Rosetta Stone.
By contrast, Cleopatra learned Egyptian and represented herself
as the reincarnation of an Egyptian goddess Isis.

Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father Ptolemy XII
Auletes and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy
XIV, whom she married as per Egyptian custom, but eventually
she became sole ruler.

As pharaoh, she consummated a liaison with Julius Caesar that
solidified her grip on the throne. She later elevated her son with
Caesar, Caesarion, to co-ruler in name.

After Caesar's assassination in 44 BC, she aligned with Mark
Antony in opposition to Caesar's legal heir, Gaius Iulius Caesar
Octavianus (later known as Augustus). With Antony, she bore
the twins Cleopatra Selene II and Alexander Helios, and another
son, Ptolemy Philadelphus.

Her unions with her brothers produced no children. After losing
the Battle of Actium to Octavian's forces, Antony committed
suicide. Cleopatra followed suit, according to tradition killing
herself by means of an asp bite on August 12, 30 BC. She was
briefly outlived by Caesarion, who was declared pharaoh, but he
was soon killed on Octavian's orders. Egypt became the Roman
province of Aegyptus.


EGYPT : Anak Zudamun Age 20

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